Forest Governance – A Theoretical Approach

Sultanica-Raluca Nichiforel


During the last two decades, the governance concept has been extensively used within the social and political science debate. At the international level, a shift from the traditional hierarchical mode of governing has been observed in natural resources governance, the state losing its central role, while other actors such as business or Non Governmental Organizations have gained importance in the process. Forests represent one of the main international concerns and their complexity requires global action. There is a need to analyse forest governance processes, in order to take the best decisions for the achievement of sustainable forest management, which is the ultimate goal of forest governance. In Romania, the analysis of the forest governance process is congruent to the transition to the market economy and to the adhesion to the European Union. The major institutional changes in Romanian forestry in the last twenty years represent a special context for the investigation and analysis of forest governance process. The article is based on a extensive literature review on governance, good governance, forest governance and instruments. It concludes by recognizing the need of future research in this field, in order to identify the barriers and opportunities for the implementation of best governance practices in Romania


Forest Governance, Good Governance, Institutions, Romania, Instruments

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ISSN: 2065-3247




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