Paul Goma et l’exil

Mariana Pasincovschi

Abstract


The biography of Paul Goma, called Solzhenitsyn from Romania, consists of a series of dramatic events and alienation, beginning with his childhood and leaving Bessarabia. For many critics the exile of Paul Goma began in 1977, with the expulsion from the country of the writer and his family. However, this exile is only one side of the banishment of Goma’s destiny. It shows that his condition of outlaw began much earlier. The most powerful and painful exile for Paul Goma was, however, the literary one. The only country, which he had, was “that of paper”. Goma's destiny is the destiny of Bessarabia. It is a grim fate that marks his existence. This exile marks strongly the conscience and the creation of the writer from Bessarabia. The Gulag novels written by Paul Goma are undoubtedly among the most disturbing literary testimonies against the communist regime in Romania. The first western editions of his novels “Ostinato”, “Uşa” and „Gherla”, which had been begun in his country, were followed by “În cerc”, “Garda inversă”, “Culoarea curcubeului” and “Patimile după Piteşti”. They shook the European readers by displaying the cruel life in Romanian prisons, where they had an ingenious scheme of brutal “re-education” of the political prisoners. The information about such things did not get out of the country, because the victims were forced to keep the silence under the toughest threats, even before their release

Keywords


exile, destiny, cruel life, Romanian prisons, Gulag novels, “Ostinato”.

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ISSN: 2065-3247

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